Genera in the family AESHNIDAE

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The family AESHNIDAE ( 49 genera)
Rambur 1842
Large, flier, dragonflies with very large eyes contiguous across top of head. Females with functional zygoptera-like ovipositor. Wing venation: triangles of both wings strongly extended along axis of wing and crossed by several veins. Larvae with a simple labium lying below the head, generally narrow-bodied, often with lateral spines or flanges; generally very large eyes.
Type species:
Libellula grandis Linnaeus 1758 by subsequent designation (Cowley 1934)
Larvae occur in diverse habits incl. mud, clinging to stones and cobbles or to rock faces) but commonly met species are most often weed-dwellers.
Several widespread and cosmopolitan groups exist. Status and rank of various 'subfamilies' (traditionally Aeshninae, Anactinae, Gynacanthaginae, Brachytroninae, Gomphaeschninae, now many proposed) subject to debate. Traditional Brachytroninae is now widely accepted as being defined by symplesiomorphies. The Linnaean hierarchy doesn't cope with the nested splits proposed. A major review is von Ellenrieder 2002
GenusNo of SpeciesAuthorReference linkRemarks
Acanthaeschna1Selys 1883Selys 1883b.Originally introduced as a subgenus of Aeshna but the specific epithet was a nomen nudum. Monotypic Australian genus
Aeschnophlebia4Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Aeshna43Fabricius 1775Fabricius 1775a.From 1801 to mid C20 frequently referred to by the unjustified emendation Aeschna (Anon. in Illinger 1801). Aeshna Fabricius reinstated by decision #34 ICZN 1958.
Agyrtacantha4Lieftinck 1937Lieftinck 1937b. 
Allopetalia2Selys 1873Selys 1873d. 
Amphiaeschna1Selys 1871Selys 1871d. 
Anaciaeschna10Selys 1878Selys 1878h. 
Anax27Leach 1815Leach 1815b. 
Andaeschna4de Marmels 1994De Marmels 1994b. 
Antipodophlebia1Fraser 1960Fraser 1960e. 
Austroaeschna19Selys 1883Selys 1883b.Australian endemic genus.
Austrogynacantha1Tillyard 1908Tillyard 1908d.Australian endemic genus
Austrophlebia2Tillyard 1916Tillyard 1916a.Australian endemic genus
Basiaeschna1Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Boyeria7McLachlan 1896McLachlan 1896a. 
Brachytron1Evans 1845Evans 1845a. 
Caliaeschna1Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Castoraeschna8Calvert 1952Calvert 1952a. 
Cephalaeschna14Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Coryphaeschna8Williamson 1903Williamson 1903a. 
Dendroaeschna1Tillyard 1916Tillyard 1916a. 
Epiaeschna1Hagen 1875Hagen 1875a. 
Gomphaeschna3Selys 1871Selys 1871d. 
Gynacantha86Rambur 1942Rambur 1842a.Bridges (1994) notes a near mischievous type species designation by Kirby 1890 which should be taken to the ICZN to maintain stability: BZN Volume 63, Part 2, 30 June 2006 opinion 2148 confirms nervosa as type species
Gynacanthaeschna1Fraser 1921Fraser 1921e. 
Heliaeschna12Selys 1884Selys 1884c.some sources state 1882 ... problem with date of Congress? date of separate?
Hemianax2Selys 1883Selys 1883b.Replacement name for Cyrtosoma Charpentier in Burmeister 1839, (alternative author Selys 1871 stated by Bridges), preocc. Cyrtosoma Perty, 1830 in Coleoptera. Two very similar species, both highly dispersive, Africa/Europe (vagrant), Australasia. Both species with adaptations to take advantage of temporary habitats.
Indaeschna2Fraser 1926Fraser 1926i. 
Limnetron2Förster 1907Forster 1907a. 
Linaeschna1Martin 1908Martin 1908a. 
Nasiaeschna1Selys 1900Selys 1900a. 
Neuraeschna16Hagen 1867Hagen 1867b. 
Notoaeschna2Tillyard 1916Tillyard 1916a. 
Oligoaeschna31Selys 1889Selys 1889a. 
Oplonaeschna2Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Oreaeschna2Lieftinck 1937Lieftinck 1937b. 
Periaeschna8Martin 1908Martin 1908a. 
Petaliaeschna6Fraser 1927Fraser 1927a. 
Planaeschna18McLachlan 1896McLachlan 1896a. 
Plattycantha3Förster 1908Forster 1908d. 
Polycanthagyna3Fraser 1933Fraser 1933d. 
Racenaeschna1Calvert 1958Calvert 1958a. 
Remartinia4Navás 1911Navas 1911a. 
Rhionaeschna39Förster 1909Forster 1909a.Neotropical components of Aeshna Fabricius characterized by a midventral tubercle on abdominal sternum I (von Ellenrieder 2003). The paraphyletic nature of von Ellenrieder's 'Aeshna' (justifying Rhionaeschna) is dependent on the acceptance of Anaciaeschna (Selys) and Andaeshna (de Marmels).
Spinaeschna2Theischinger 1982Theischinger 1982a. 
Staurophlebia5Brauer 1865Brauer 1865c. 
Telephlebia6Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Tetracanthagyna6Selys 1883Selys 1883b. 
Triacanthagyna8Selys 1883Selys 1883b.see Gynacantha wrt choice of type species and opinion of ICZN