ZYGOPTERAN families

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Number of families = 35

FamilyNo of generaNo of speciesRemarks
AMPHIPTERYGIDAE12Large, bulky, blue-marked, black damselflies with 7-8 antenodal cross veins in costal space, 2-3 in subcostal space; long, narrow, clear, petiolate wings. Larvae with saccoid gills, pair of filamentous gill tufts at base. A monogeneric Family, sister to Lestoideidae + Euphaeidae. Neotropics.
ARGIOLESTIDAE1291Formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGIDAE16170Medium-sized to larger, long-legged damselflies, wings with numerous (>10) undifferentiated antenodal cross veins. Pterostigma missing or extensively reduced. Larvae thin, long-legged; paraprocts form triquetral gills, epiproct forms lamellar gill.
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_1428Four genera (Agriomorpha May, 1933, Bornargiolestes Kimmins, 1936, Burmargiolestes Kennedy, 1925, Rhipidolestes Ris, 1912) previously placed in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_211formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_338formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_411formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_525formerly in Megapodagrionidae (Priscagrion) and Platycnemididae (Sinocnemis)
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_618formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_7110formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_812formerly in Megapodagrionidae
CHLOROCYPHIDAE18136Bulky damselflies with short abdomens and long, petiolate wings with many antenodal cross veins (c 5 to 'numerous'). Frons and clypeus bulged to form prominent, bulbous 'face'. Males brightly coloured, females pale brown. Larvae bulky, with paraprocts modified to form triquetral gills, epiproct reduced to spine.
COENAGRIONIDAE1071158Mostly small to medium-sized Zygoptera. Forms previously in 'Pseudostigmatidae' include among the largest extant Odonata.
Two complete antenodal veins; discoidal cell strongly pointed distally; with strong anal vein and CuP; without intercalated supplementary veins in distal area of wings. Larvae with prementum entire; caudal 'gills' generally lanceolate, never nodate (may be subnodate).
DEVADATTIDAE15Formerly in Amphipterygidae
DICTERIADIDAE22Two isolated neotropical forms. Wings with numerous (>10) antenodal cross veins. Legs very long and entirely without spines. Probably associated with Calopterygidae.
EUPHAEIDAE1270Somewhat heavy bodied, medium to larger-sized forms, wingbases not petiolate, numerous antenodal veins, dense venation, well developed pterostigma. Larvae have extensively tracheated lateral abdominal gills on segments 2-8, saccoid caudal gills.
HEMIPHLEBIIDAE11Endemic Australian family restricted to SE corner of continent (Victoria), some Bass Strait Islands, NE Tasmania and eastern SA. Small, brilliant green animal, active in sunshine. Both sexes with prominent white terminal appendages which are actively displayed. Discoidal cell of forewing not closed at base. Numerous features interpreted as plesiomorphic.
HETERAGRIONIDAE248Formerly Megapodagrionidae
HYPOLESTIDAE12Formerly Megapodagrionidae
ISOSTICTIDAE1246Dull-coloured, slim damselflies with very narrow wings, anal vein vestigial (absent). Larvae with nodate, saccoid caudal gills. Austro-papuan distribution.
LESTIDAE8148Small to medium-sized Zygoptera. Two complete antenodal veins; discoidal cell strongly pointed distally; with strong anal vein and CuP; intercalated supplementary veins in distal area of wings, pterostigma much longer than deep. Larvae with strong median cleft in prementum, setae on movable hook, caudal 'gills' generally long, parallel-sided with rounded tip, never nodate.
LESTOIDEIDAE29Endemic Australian family. Lestoideinae: small brown and yellow rainforest species; two antenodal cross-veins, anal vein absent; larvae with nodate saccoid caudal gills. Diphlebiinae: large robust species, males with bold black and blue body pattern, wings generally black patterned in mature individuals, females drab brown, wings suffused brownish; two primary antenodal veins basal plus some further antenodal veins in costal space only; larvae with denodate saccoid caudal gills. Separation of subfamilies deep, but monophyly strongly supported.
MEGAPODAGRIONIDAE329Problematic groups 'linked' by symplesiomorphic characters now removed (CALOPTERYGOIDEA_incertae_1 through 8).
PENTAPHLEBIIDAE12Formerly in Amphipterygidae
PERILESTIDAE219Medium-sized, thin Zygoptera with long abdomen. Discoidal cell reaching to rear margin of wing. Larvae with short, rounded, lamellar caudal gills. Embedded in Synlestidae in some analyses.
PHILOGANGIDAE14Heavy-bodied, large damselflies; males boldly coloured yellow, females rich brown. Wings petiolate, two primary antenodal veins basal plus some further antenodal veins in costal space only. Perch with wings spread. Larvae heavy-bodied with massive prementum, large denodate saccoid gills. Occur among rocks in fast flowing waters. Formerly included in Amphipterygidae.
PHILOGENIIDAE135Formerly Megapodagrionidae
PHILOSINIDAE211Formerly Megapodagrionidae
PLATYCNEMIDIDAE38388Formerly a problematic old world family, now largely reconstructed.
PLATYSTICTIDAE6213Small tropical rainforest damselflies with narrow wings and long abdomens. Characterised by a tiny cross vein joining the vein CuP to the posterior margin of the wing close to the base of the wing. No anal vein apparent. Longitudinal veins 'cramped' and converging near the distal margin of the wing, falcate (curved posteriorly). Larvae with median cleft to prementum and with slightly inflated to triquetral caudal gills. Restricted to the American tropics and SE Asia.
POLYTHORIDAE858Medium to large forms with broad wings and supplementary antenodal cross veins. Wings weakly petiolated, pterostigma large. Larvae with lateral abdominal gills, epiproct, paraprocts short, complex, sclerotised. Neotropics.
PSEUDOLESTIDAE11Originally a problematic and poorly defined family erected as a grab-bag to contain 'left-over' genera. Now restricted to Pseudolestes
RIMANELLIDAE11formerly in Amphipterygidae
SYNLESTIDAE937Small to medium sized, robust Zygoptera with intercalated veins in the distal margin of the wings. Vein CuP curves sharply forwards from the point of the discoidal cell. Larvae with short, rounded, lamellar caudal gills.
THAUMATONEURIDAE25Very large, enigmatic, monotypic, waterfall-associated form from Central America. Larvae with saccoid caudal gills. Formerly placed in Pseudolestidae.